Auburn Automobile was a company that started in Auburn, Indiana in 1900. It soon grew to be one of the largest local automobile manufacturers. Auburn started as mid-class offering. But in the mid-1920’s, under the supervision of Errett Lobban Cord, it became a premium manufacturer. They offered some elegant, stylish and fast cars.
The first step was the introduction of straight eight-cylinder engines which, in those days, were synonymous with luxury models. The rise of Auburn in the premium car segment corresponded with the Great Depression. It was a devastating recession in 1929 that sunk many of America’s car brands. However, Auburn managed to survive for a couple of years after trying to offer models to rival Cadillac in style and power.
Its finest model and the company’s swan song was the glorious Auburn 851 Speedster, which they introduced in 1935. The car had a 4.5-liter straight eight engine with an optional supercharger. It delivered a fantastic performance for the standards of the time. Unfortunately, the market wasn’t impressed, so Auburn ceased production in 1937.
Despite being involved with Duesenberg and Auburn, Errett Lobban Cord was a successful car salesman and businessman who had a dream of building cars under his own name. So, in 1929, he established a company called Cord, introducing his first model, the L-29.
The philosophy behind Cord cars was simple. Offer advanced technology, powerful engines and gorgeous designs. The L-29 had bodies produced by the finest coach building companies and one interesting feature: front-wheel drive. In those days, the FWD layout was unheard of, and Cord was the only manufacturer in the world with this drivetrain.
The most famous Cord was the fantastic 812. It featured Art Deco styling, front-wheel drive and a powerful V8 engine. Unfortunately, despite being a favorite ride of the Hollywood elite, Cord was forced to close its doors in 1937.
The Peerless Motor Company began in 1900 in Cleveland, Ohio. It soon became well-known for producing high-quality, luxurious cars. In those early days of the car industry, Peerless was one of the more popular domestic premium brands. People praised them highly praised for their innovation and technology.
During the First World War, Peerless designed and produced many military vehicles that were proven on the battlefield. However, after the war, it looked like Peerless was losing their battle on the luxury market. This was in spite of its efforts to introduce updated cars and even a V16 engine. The automotive production closed in 1931, but the company continued as a brewery at the end of prohibition in 1933.
The Stutz Motor Company was an American producer of high-performance and premium cars based in Indianapolis, Indiana. Harry C. Stutz started the company in 1911. Since it was the home of America’s motorsport tradition, the Stutz was successful in races on the famous Indianapolis track.
The Stutz Bearcat model was the first American sports car, born out of the company’s racing efforts. This also helped its reputation as a high-performance, luxury brand. Stutz raced in Europe and introduced advanced 32-valve cylinder heads for its engines, which were the first ones on the market. With high-performance hardware and quality construction, Stutz cars won numerous races and broke speed records in the 1920’s.
This helps them to establish the Stutz as one of the fastest American cars ever. However, it wasn’t enough to keep the company alive, so Stutz closed its doors in 1935. In 1968, they tried unsuccessfully to revive the Stutz name with a series of retro-looking custom cars.
11. La Salle
Entering the car industry in 1927, La Salle was a luxury brand established by General Motors. They wanted it to fill the market gap between luxury Cadillacs and common brands like Buick and Oldsmobile. La Salle was under the control of Cadillac, so they developed it alongside their own brand. The concept was successful, and La Salle was a relatively popular model.
The big part of its appeal was the design and technology. Buyers got a baseline Cadillac for less money, which appealed to a wider audience. However, by the end of the 1940’s, General Motors realized having several brands covering the same market segment was not practical. So, they decided to kill the brand. In the 50.s and 60.s, the La Salle name reappeared on several GM concept cars.
Marmon Motor Cars Company was another renowned luxury manufacturer from Indianapolis, Indiana. Howard Carpenter Marmon established the brand in 1902. It soon became famous for its innovative V2, V4, V6 and V8 engines. Marmon cars were fast and powerful for their time, so the next logical step was to enter the races. In 1909, the Marmon Wasp racing car was the first car to win the famous Indianapolis 500 race. This gave the company some valuable publicity.
The company was famous for luxurious, fast sedans, but over the years, it lost ground to its flashier, better-marketed counterparts. In its last attempt to win the market over, Marmon introduced a V16 engine to compete with Cadillac. However, it just wasn’t enough, so the company closed in 1933.
13. Dual Ghia
Not many people know about Dual Ghia. It was an exclusive American car company founded in 1956. But it was defunct just two years later in 1958. Businessman Eugene Casaroll, started Dual Ghia. Casaroll sent its chassis to Italy to be re-bodied by the famous Italian design house Ghia; hence, the name.
It was a producer of high-powered, custom-built convertibles that used Chrysler platforms and 315 V8 engines. The selling points were the body and luxury appointments. The Dual Ghia appeared in 1956 as the most expensive American car at the moment. They only made 117 Dual Ghias. However, A-list celebrities like Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin and Richard Nixon bought most of them.
If you think the Edsel is Ford’s only failed luxury attempt, think again. In the mid-50’s, Ford decided to establish a separate brand. They called it the Continental Division. It was supposed to produce new luxury cars positioned above the Lincoln brand. The first and only car was the famous Continental Mark II, which they introduced in 1955.
Ford’s idea was to present a superb luxury coupe with the finest technology and comfort, and then market it as a separate brand. The idea sounded good, but the market response wasn’t great. Ford shut down the Continental Division after just five years following the disappointing sales of the Mark II coupe, even though it was one of the finest American cars they ever made.
This list covered the forgotten luxury of those long-lost American luxury car manufacturers. Most car fans respect and appreciate these vehicles and some would even like to see them return someday.