3. Cord 810 and 812
Errett Lobban Cord was a successful car salesman who had a dream of building cars under his own name. So, in 1929, he established his company and introduced the first model named the L-29. The philosophy behind Cord cars was simple: offer advanced technology, powerful engines, and gorgeous designs, which is exactly what he did.
The L-29 had one especially interesting feature: front wheel drive. In those days, a FWD layout was unheard of, and Cord was the only manufacturer in the world with this drivetrain. The most famous Cord was definitely the 810/812. It featured Art Deco styling, front-wheel drive, and powerful V8 engines.
At that time, this was the most advanced American production car with V8 power, front-wheel drive, an independent front suspension, and hidden headlights. The car featured many industry firsts and established itself as one of the most revolutionary American cars of all-time. Unfortunately, the market was not ready for such an advanced automobile so sales were disappointing. Cord closed their doors in the late 1930s.