The Vanagon, sold from 1979-1991, was one of the worst-scoring German cars ever in a crash test. The van had a flat-fronted design, which obviously meant the driver wasn’t protected. But the awkward stance of the van also made it almost impossible for the driver to control when the vehicle lost control (via Cars.com).
The Vanagon was always sold to a niche audience, like most Volkswagen cars back then, but the negative crash test didn’t help the reputation. The crash test was infamously so bad that the occupants were unbuckled and ejected from the vehicle during the crash. Needless to say, the Vanagon is a van that provides a lot of risks and little reward.