Retractable Hardtop – Peugeot
The idea of having a coupe and a convertible in the same car has occupied car engineers since the beginning of the automobile age. But the technology just wasn’t there yet. The first retractable hardtop appeared on the 1935 Peugeot 401 Eclipse. It had a roof in the trunk with electrical controls. But for the late â30s, this was sci-fi technology. Later, the Ford Skyliner and most recently, the Mercedes SLK, has used the system.
Fuel Injection – Mercedes
Fuel injection technology was used in World War II fighter jets to ensure constant fuel pressure under maneuvering. However, they later modified it for cars. The first car to successfully implement it was the legendary Mercedes 300 SL in the early â50s. After that, it became the standard of the industry. And today, they no longer produce carbureted cars.
Turbocharger – Oldsmobile
Again, they first utilized turbocharging technology in military vehicles. And in 1962, Oldsmobile made history with the 1962 Olds Jetfire, the first turbocharged passenger car. Their engineers used the compact F-85 model and retained its small 215 CID V8 engine with 185 HP. And they then gave it the new forced induction intake system, which included a Garett turbocharger.
Twin Clutch Transmission – Volkswagen
There is no modern performance, sports or supercar without the dual-clutch automatic. This system is famous for its ultrafast shifts, precise work and ultimate performance. Volkswagen first used it in 2003 in the Golf R32 hot hatch. But soon, almost every other manufacturer with performance cars in its portfolio used it.
All-Wheel Drive Passenger Car – Jensen
The invention of all-wheel drive happened in 1900 for various military and off-road vehicles, but not in passenger or sports cars. However, in 1966, the English company, Jensen introduced the FF, which stands for Ferguson Formula. It was a sports coupe with a massive Chrysler V8 and all-wheel drive.
The FF featured a heavy all-wheel-drive system they borrowed from the tractor manufacturer, Ferguson. Later, Jensen used it in the Interceptor for more usability in difficult conditions, as well as superb road holding. But it also made this coupe heavy and expensive.
Cruise Control – Chrysler/Imperial
Even today’s most economical cars have cruise control, which keeps your car moving at desired speed, even if you aren’t pressing the gas pedal. However, there was a time when such a device wasn’t available. In fact, the Chrysler engineers created a small revolution when they included it as an option for their 1958 Imperial model. Soon, all the other luxury brands followed.
Three-Point Seatbelts – Volvo
Drivers first used seatbelts in the late â40s only as lap belts. However, they weren’t obligatory by law, so most car companies decided not to install them. This is totally unimaginable today, but those were the times. Soon, SAAB made lap belts part of their standard equipment and Volvo invented three-point, shoulder belts in 1959. Now they are the norm throughout the industry.
Air Conditioning – Packard
The idea of cooling or heating your car’s interior seemed like a fantasy back when cars barely had windows. But for a long time, car manufacturers have tried to accomplish that. Ventilation or heating wasn’t that big of a problem, but cooling was. Finally, in 1940, Packard managed to produce the first air conditioning system for their top of the line cars. Later, Cadillac introduced automatic climate control and the revolution started.
Car Radio – Chevrolet
There was a time when listening to a radio in the car was considered extremely dangerous because the driver’s attention was on the broadcast, not on the road ahead. Today, drivers have infotainment systems with TV-sized screens, but nobody calls that dangerous anymore. The first attempt to put a radio in cars was in the early â20s, but it was too expensive and complicated.
However, when the Motorola Company presented its compact radio in the early â30s, installing radios became much easier. In fact, Chevrolet was the first company to offer it as a regular production option.
Power Windows – Packard
One of the features people take for granted today is power windows. Practically all new cars sold globally have them. But not so long ago, you had to crank to open the windows. Packard installed the first power windows as an option for their 1940 models. The system was heavy and expensive, but their customers loved it. And soon, other car companies used them, as well.
Fiberglass Body – Corvette
Steel was the material for cars, and for decades nobody dared to do anything different until Chevrolet presented the 1953 Corvette. The most interesting thing about the new Corvette was the fiberglass body. Back in the early â50s, plastic was still the material of the future, so they rarely used it in the car industry. The Corvette was the first production car with a full plastic body, making Chevrolet one of the pioneers of fiberglass construction.
Touch Screen – Buick
Today, almost all cars have touch screens, so most people consider this technology to be standard. However, think back to 1986 with those monochromatic touch screens car customers thought was a technological marvel. That is exactly what Buick wanted when they introduced a special touch screen as an option on the 1986 Riviera. There’s no doubt that design and technology have come a long way since.
ABS – Mercedes
It is hard to believe, but the Bosch Corporation, one of the leading manufacturers of car electronics systems in the world, thinks the introduction of the antilock braking system (ABS) and its widespread use has saved over million lives since 1976. The invention of Antilock brakes came in the â60s. But Mercedes was the first to use them in the â70s. However, since then, they have become an important standard in car safety.
All-Wheel Steering – Nissan/Honda
Today, many cars have four-wheel steering. It’s a complicated system that steers the front as well as the rear wheels. And that gives cars a better turning circle and more precise steering. Most automotive engineers thought about all-wheel-steering for a long time. But, just a few companies dared to put it in regular production. Nissan was the first in 1982, soon followed by Honda and its Prelude 4WS.
Monocoque – Lancia
Today, almost all cars have unibody construction or monocoque, as they sometimes call it in Europe. But for a long time, most cars had a sturdy, heavy, ladder-type chassis. But that type of chassis affected handling, making cars taller and chunkier than they needed to be. The first unibody car was the 1922 Lancia Lambda, which revolutionized the construction of passenger cars.
Disc Brakes – Citroen
The invention of disc brakes happened early in car history. However, drivers had to wait almost 50 years for Citroen to present the DS. The DS was the first mass-produced car to feature this type of braking, among other notable features. Today, disc brakes are the norm and almost nobody remembers the drum brakes of yesterday.
Safety Glass – Tucker
The car safety glass that shatters into small pieces to avoid cutting passengers is the standard for decades. But once upon a time, cars had real glass, which was dangerous in the case of a crash. The ill-fated Tucker Car Company invented safety glass to use on their Torpedo model. The car never got a chance to compete with the Big Three. But, safety glass lives on, and not just in cars, but in many other items.
CD Player – Lincoln
After the radio revolution, car manufacturers started installing newer, better sound systems. Also, they added updated stereo speakers as well as eight-track and cassette players. But the first factory-installed CD player was in the 1986 Lincoln Town Car. After that, almost all luxury manufactures offered CD players as part of their standard equipment.