Ford Escort Mk1
Although the British car industry is famous for its luxury and sports cars, the truth is, their economy models are interesting and unique. And this is the case with the Escort Mk1. It’s a mass-produced economy car that became one of Ford’s global bestsellers. But it was also a fantastically successful motorsport legend. Ford introduced the Escort Mk1 in 1968.
It was a compact, rear-wheel drive saloon aimed at family buyers. The basic version used those forgettable 1.1 and 1.3-liter engines. But for those who wanted more, Ford offered the hot 1600 RS and RS 2000 models. Those cars had special suspensions and engines, delivering a lot of power. Also, the small weight made them capable of defeating those more expensive cars and racing monsters.
Lotus started as a kit car company operating from a shed. They used components from mass-produced cars. However, they covered them with unique bodies to create special cars that appealed to wide audiences. But everything started with the legendary Lotus 7, which they first presented it in 1957.
The Lotus 7 was a bare bones sports car with a small four-cylinder engine in the front, two seats and nothing more. But it was the purest form of driving legally possible. Over the years, the technology advanced and the cars got faster and more powerful. However, the basic idea stayed the same.
Triumph presented the Stag in 1970 and produced it until 1978. The market was impressed by the new model with its cool styling and open top driving. Yet it was still enough room for four adults and their luggage. The Stag came with a 3.0-liter V8 engine delivering 145 HP, which was enough for a decent performance.
With its muscular appearance and V8 rumble, the Stag looked like a luxury muscle car, attracting some buyers. Unfortunately, owners soon experienced the Stag`s notorious unreliability, along with its higher price tag. This sealed its chances on the American and global market. When they ceased production in 1978, they only built 25,000 of them.
Ford Sierra Cosworth
One of the most legendary British muscle cars is the fantastic Sierra Cosworth, which Ford introduced in 1985. The Ford Sierra was an ordinary family sedan they produced in numerous versions. The car featured rear-wheel drive and an independent rear suspension.
But when Ford decided to contract the Cosworth tuning house for a performance model, a legend was born. Cosworth took a three-door body and added a special body kit with spoilers.
Then they added unique wheels and colors. Under the hood was a 2.0-liter turbocharged engine that produced 225 HP. And it propelled the car to 60 mph in just 6.5 seconds. For 1985, those were fantastic numbers. The Sierra Cosworth became one of the hottest British cars on the road. Also, it was successful on the tracks, winning many races.
Triumph GT 6
The GT6 project started in mid-60s when Triumph realized they needed a coupe version of their popular roadster. However, just putting the roof on the Spitfire wouldn’t do the trick. They needed to extensively reengineer the car. Also, they needed a more powerful engine in for the chassis to cope with the added weight of the coupe body style.
So, the Triumph engineers installed a 2.0-liter six-cylinder engine with 106 HP. That provided the GT6 with more power and performance than the similar Spitfire. They officially presented the GT6 in 1966 and discontinued it in 1973 after they built around 45,000 of them. The GT6 was never as popular as the Spitfire, but it was a cool-looking alternative to the other sport coupes on the market.
Designed in UK, the Capri was like a European Ford Mustang in every way. Using the long hood-short-deck formula and semi-fastback styling gave the Capri a fantastic stance. Despite being based on the standard Cortina floorplan with the same engines, the Capri looked like a thoroughbred sports or muscle car.
In fact, people often confused it with the U.S.-built Ford. This affordable coupe was almost as successful as the Mustang. It sold in millions throughout its 16-year lifespan. They imported the Capri to the U.S. as the Mercury Capri in the mid-70s.
Rolls Royce Silver Shadow
The ultimate British car is, without a doubt, the Rolls Royce. Over the years this company produced some of the best luxury cars the world has ever seen. After the war, Rolls introduced the Silver Cloud, but the market needed something more modern and advanced. So, in 1966, they presented the Silver Shadow.
With the new V8 engine, hydro-pneumatic suspension, modern design and improved road manners, the Silver Shadow was a prestigious four-door sedan. The market was impressed and suddenly the waiting list was over a year long. Rolls also produced an elegant coupe and gorgeous convertible they named the Corniche.
These iconic machines helped form this beginner’s guide to the British car industry. Have you chosen your favorite? Hopefully, you’ll be able to find it on U.S. shores, but if not, you’ll need to cross the pond to Great Britain.